"The experience of abuse and neglect in early childhood has been seen as crucial to explain later criminal and violent behaviors for decades (e.g., Widom, 1989). In their recent review, Sood and Berkowitz (2016) emphasize the variety of “biological, individual, familial, social, and economic factors” that have contributed to the etiology of juvenile violence in prior research (p. 2). At the same time, the authors highlight the role of early and current adversities in both intra- and extrafamilial contexts. From a neurobiological perspective, ACEs may impair brain structures related to impulse control and emotion-regulation (e.g., prefrontal cortex; Teicher & Samson, 2016), resulting in higher probabilities of engaging in violent behavior (Fox, Perez, Cass, Baglivio, & Epps, 2015)."


Adverse Childhood Experiences and Its Effects in Africa

             TAKING ACTIONS

The above videos are cruel.  I have not been able to sleep since I became aware of them (my apologies, I was unable to  watch them).  Such inhumanity needs to be addressed by both governments and private citizens.  If you really care about the well-being of  Mankind, I am inviting you to join our movement by providing a safe environment for a child who needs one.  This can be as small as helping with homework, reading a story, or providing an academic guidance.  The time has come to take actions and create positive environments for all children.   
Aminata Diaw